Girl with a Pearl Earring is an oil painting by 17th-century Dutch painter Johannes Vermeer
Scholars estimate the painting was completed in 1665. The painting is an example of a type of work called a tronie. Popular in the Dutch Golden Age, tronies were paintings that focused on the face of a subject with an added element of fantasy or an exaggeration of expression that differentiates them from portraits.
The girl in this painting is believed to be Vermeer’s eldest daughter, Maria, who was about twelve or
thirteen years old at the time it was created.
Regarded as Vermeer’s masterpiece, this canvas is often referred to as the Mona Lisa of the North or the Dutch Mona Lisa.
With this painting the viewer is captured by the subject and believes they have caught her attention and caused her to turn her head. This is a "enticing" painting with the girl gazing at the viewer with wide eyes and a parted mouth and there is an air of mystery surrounding her identity